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Treatment Options for Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, refers to a long-term disorder that causes recurring discomfort or pain in the tummy and irregular bowel habits. It can occur at any point in time, but most individuals get their first symptoms at 15 to 40 years of age. Women get more serious IBS symptoms than men and they’re also more likely to suffer from IBS than men.

Treating IBS

Although irritable bowel syndrome has got no cure, your doctor can relieve your symptoms with a mix of probiotics, medicines, diet, and psychological therapies. You might have to try several treatments in order to find one that’s best suited to you. Your doctor may help you choose the best treatment plan.
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Changes in eating, nutrition and diet
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Changes in diet, nutrition and eating, for example, trying the FODMAP diet may help relieve your symptoms.

Medication

Your doctor can recommend medicine to ease your symptoms.

Fiber supplements can alleviate constipation when consuming more fiber doesn’t work.

Laxatives can treat constipation. As laxatives do work in a variety of ways, you doctor may find you the right laxative.

Loperamide may alleviate diarrhea by holding up movement of stool in the colon. While loperamide can alleviate diarrhea in people suffering from IBS, it doesn’t ease pain, bloating, and other symptoms.

Antispasmodics, like pinaverium, cimetropium, and hyoscine help to control muscle spasms in the colon and ease pain in the abdomen.

Antidepressants, like little doses of selective serotonin inhibitors as well as tricyclic antidepressants may alleviate IBS symptoms, including stomach pain.

Amitza (Lubiprostone) for those suffering from IBS-C can improve symptoms like abdominal discomfort/pain and constipation.

Capsules of coated peppermint oil can ease IBS symptoms.

When using medication to treat IBS, stick to your physician’s instructions. Also speak with the physician about the side effects that can occur, and what steps to take in case you experience them.

Probiotics

You physician may also recommend priobitics, the microorganisms or tiny live organisms that may be visible only via a microscope. These tiny organisms, usually bacteria, are similar to those normally found in your GI tract.

Studies have proven that consuming enough probiotics, specifically some probiotic combinations and bifidobacteria, may relieve symptoms of IBS.
Psychological therapies

Stress, depression, and anxiety may trigger IBS symptoms, so managing these issues may help.

There are a few mental therapies that could be tried in order to treat IBS.

Cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT, involves identifying and dealing with negative thought patterns by finding other ways of acting and thinking.

In hypnotherapy, the therapist guides the patient to get into a relaxed mode and relax their tummy muscles to relieve bloating and pain.

Counseling can be a vital part of treating stress, anxiety, depression and related symptoms.

Relaxation therapy/meditation may help reduce stress.
Be sure to talk to your physician so they can find you the right treatment for IBS.